Features/Benefits, Motorola Automation





Modular system

You can start with a simple Scorpio stand alone installation and add IRRInets, Impacts, etc. as needs grow.

Integrates 3 main functions of valve control and flow monitoring, filter flushing and fertilizer injection.

One computerized machine in charge of all aspects of irrigation means no conflicts like you get with separate controls.

Manufactured by Motorola

Backed by a strong world wide company with expertise in electronics, software and communications -- not a garage built product.

Field Unit Operation

Monitors water flow meter sensors

Control the sets of irrigation by quantity instead of by time--higher accuracy.  Receive alarms from the system, including: high flow, low flow, unopened water, main line burst, main line leak--you know what's going on.

Monitors fertilizer meter sensors

Control the injection of fertilizer by quantity instead of by time--higher accuracy.  Receive alarms from the system, including: fert leak, unopened fert.

Monitors a pressure differential (PD) switch gauge and will automatically backwash filters based both on PD input as well as elapsed time or quantity of mainline operation.  Downstream flow rate deviations are ignored during backwash, and fertilizer injection is suspended during backwash.

Truly an integrated "system" approach versus other solutions with separate controls for filters, fertilizer injectors and for valve control.

Programming permits up to 6 field valves operating simulataneously.

Flexible programming allows you to change valve set combinations.

Programming supports time based operation plus checking the flow rates, or quantity based operation plus checking the flow rates, or just straight time based without flow check.

Operate the system according to your choice.

Fertilizer program is built in including pre-fert in each program and post-fert water parameter per main line for clear-flushing at the end of each set.

You can place the fertilizer into the wetted zone as opposed to losing it to deep leaching.

Fertilizer may be applied proportional to the flow rate in the main or as a direct quantity.

Let the Motorola unit do the math and employ a less expensive fertilizer injector to do the job.  

Fertilizer may be applied in some programs and not others.

If you don't fertilize every cycle of every irrigation day, set up different programs as needed.

Fertilizer may be applied in time or quantity based modes.

You choose how to run your system, the Motorola units adapt to your requirements.

Flow rate monitoring allows you to set each valve program's expected flow rate, with separate high and low deviation parameters set as a percentage of the expected flow rate.

Each main line will have different characteristics, the software allows you to "dial in" each main with different high and low deviation parameters.  

Field Unit Operation

Conditions allow you to set up programs that will respond to changing field conditions--e.g., a float sensor in a reservoir can cause the irrigation set(s) to go into a waiting mode, resuming when the level comes back up.

IRRInet provides a very powerful program with Start, Wait and Stop parameters; Scorpio stand alone includes one Wait parameter.  Complex in-field situations can be set up to read sensors that trigger a response by the irrigation programs…causing them to Start, Wait and/or Stop.  The software takes the place of "relay logic" and allows you to adapt to changing conditions.

900 conditions are available in the IRRInet to handle multiple variable conditions.  This requires the ICC central software.

In the field it is sometimes important to link multiple variables together (like if the flow is over 500 and the reservoir level is low, then turn on a transfer pump).  The "900" conditions can be set up to respond to multiple inputs, both sensor type and logical flags in the software, and the corresponding numbered condition (901-963) used in the Start,Wait, and/or Stop condition on one or more programs.

Virtual main lines may be set up in the IRRInet.

A virtual main line is described by "IN" meters and "OUT" meters; where the sum of the IN meters less the sum of the "OUT" meters tells us what the flow rate is between the nodes described.  This can be useful in complicated water distribution schemes where multiple water meters are installed in series with each other.

Programs may have a mandatory STOP time.

In some cases it is required to have the irrigation stop at a certain time of the day (power rates, etc.).  Entering a STOP time on a program will halt the process and a report on remaining water and fertilizer is available.

Programs may be grouped together to run in cascading fashion, one after the other

Instead of programming each valve set's start times, days to run, etc., you can group those programs with common requirements together and they will run in series.  If you change the ET Water Factor, the "rubber band" effect will occur stretching or shrinking the series, but maintaining the pump/master valve without overloading the system (no overlap) or start/stop/start of the system (in case the series shortens in time).

Cyclical irrigation is easy to enter.

For low volume irrigation it is easy to set up multiple cycles; default is one cycle, you can enter 1-98, if you enter 99 it sets up perpetual cycling within the Start time/Stop time and time-between-cycle starts parameters.

IRRInet speaks your language, switch it on the fly as needed.

IRRInet can be toggled between English, Spanish, Italian, French and Hebrew.

Field Unit Hardware

The basic IRRInet comes with a software that supports 99 mainlines, 250 outputs, 126 digital inputs and 99 program lines.

In most agricultural applications this is sufficient capacity.  You may program the same valves into different program lines, offering complete flexibility.

As an option, you can order the "TURF" software option that supports 40 mainlines, 200 outputs, 126 digital inputs and 200 program lines.

If needs exceed the basic IRRInet's capacity, you can change the software to better suit your needs.

The Scorpio-V2 stand alone software supports one mainline, 16 outputs, 4 digital inputs and 16 program lines.

Scorpio-V2 provides a low cost "entry" level automation solution.

IMPACT is a battery operated valve actuator that can be added to any IRRInet design.

No wires to the valve can save headaches in retrofit situations or where you loose the wire due to damage in the field.

Both IRRInet and Scorpio support optional 12 volts D.C. operation -- Solar or Battery powered.

No power?  No problem!  Design the appropriate IRRInet or Scorpio with latching DC outputs to operate your valves and relays; you can run the Single Cable IRRInet option off DC power also.

Portable keyboard for IRRInet and Scorpio

Some look at this as insurance against curious people--take the programming keypad with you; it also save costs of a system when you have more than one unit to program by sharing the one keyboard.

LED displays provide in-field diagnostics

Even if you don't have the IRRInet keyboard with you, IRRInet, Scorpio and IMPACT provide LED displays that will give you a clue as to what is going on.  In the case of the IMPACT it doubles as a self-test indicator.

Quality is built in.

Modern electronics design and manufacturing techniques are employed to assure the highest quality and reliability.

Modularity means ease of service and expansion.

By utilizing modular construction, additions to a system may be as simple as plugging in another board or module in the case of the Scorpio and IRRInet.  Troubleshooting is easy, swap a module and retest.


Motorola offers a "two layer" design, one layer links a personal computer to one or more IRRInet field units, the other layer links an IRRInet field unit to Scorpio and/or IMPACT radio remote units.

Systems may be installed with just IRRInet field units communicating over radio to Scorpio/IMPACT devices in the field.  This means you can integrate an entire field using radio controlled Scorpios and IMPACTs as a first step, later on adding the personal computer central control.  

The secret to success is in the signalling protocol.

Motorola has a proprietary set of protocols, MDLC for the PC to IRRInet link, and PRIS for the IRRInet to Scorpio/IMPACT link.  Operating and transferring data over radio is one of Motorola's core competencies.  It works.

Need wireline?

IRRInet will operate from the PC to the field unit IRRInets by a 2-wire path; radio is the only choice from IRRInet to Scorpio/IMPACT devices.

Mobile data, don't tie yourself to the PC--use message paging!

With the installation of the ICC central computer, alarm events can be forwarded to your local paging service provider and the text message will show up on your beeper or digital cell phone.  Now you have the information at your fingertips!

Access from another computer.

The ICC central supports both operation on a local area network as well as the more traditional "PCAnywhere" type solutions.  You can dial into your central from another computer.

Hand held control offers you the freedom to control your system in the field without running back to the IRRInet, the central, etc.  If you have a cell phone, you can call your system and it will "talk" you through the operation.

Trouble shooting an irrigation problem often requires manual operation of the valves from the controller…and this is a two-person job!  Instead, use Motorola's DTMF option in the ICC central computer and you just cut your labor in half.

Would you like the central software to "communicate" to a third party software like an Excel spreadsheet?

Done!  Install ICC software and you will find that reports may be exported to Excel for refinement according to your needs.

Weather station integration, telephone modem to an on-site weather station or CIMIS.

The ICC central supports operation with Aqua Engineering's "Weather-3" software, a third party solution for weather station monitoring and ET calculation.  It also supports CIMIS.

Central Software

Year 2000 compliant

Assures continued operation after December 31, 1999.

Operates on your choice of these operating systems: Windows’95, Windows’98, or Windows NT.

Select the operating system with which you are familiar.

Support for more than one project per central—you can open different central files that allow you to run more than one FIU.

Technicians can carry their customers' databases on their computer and switch projects as needed to assist in training and troubleshooting.  System administrators with more than one FIU based system can switch between systems (including over a Local Area Network connection) as they supervise operations.

Software requires a unique “Key” to register – Software may be freely distributed for demonstration and training purposes.  When it is to be connected to an FIU contact Motorola for a unique registration key.  This will ensure that Motorola maintains an accurate end user database.

Improved support to the end user.

Five password levels with unique log-on names for every user allows you to track who did what when.

Improved accountability means better control of your system.  Different users can be restricted to certain "areas" (groupings of field units) and denied access to all others.

True Windows user interface—the access to various functions is “flat”, no more nested menus to crawl through trying to find the right item to run.  Right-click mouse actions supported.

You probably already know how to use various Windows programs.  ICC provides a consistent interface that utilizes many of the Windows standards allowing you to easily learn how to use the software system.

One screen shows you everything at a glance—the graphic map, the events log and the outline of how your system is organized (like Windows “explore” function) grouping field units into areas, areas into the system.

One picture is worth a thousand words.  Presentation of information in a clear manner saves you time on the job.

Alarm events will force a pop-up screen to notify you of a new event.

ICC continues to work in the background as you perform operations with other Windows software products.  You don't miss important events coming to the ICC and you don't have to keep switching back to ICC to check up on your system, the pop-up takes care of business for you.

Export function of any report supported to allow sharing of information with other Microsoft Excel software (e.g., export the water accumulation record).

Manipulate the basic data, adding costs per unit, drawing graphs, etc.

Central Software

NETWORKING: Client-Server installations are supported allowing you to run your system over a network—any NOS (network operating system) that Windows supports.

This means you can set the FIU up connected to a personal computer that is located on one node of a network and use other personal computers located at other nodes to view the activities and make changes (all password access controlled).  The system adapts to your management structure; you don't have to modify your organization to fit the software system.  Future support for communicating across the Internet (TCP/IP protocol) will be available in IRRInet-XL.

Interrogation of individual “points” (i.e., down to the individual input or output) streamlines the communication load on the radio or wireline channel to the field units.  You can even have a different interrogation frequency when the object (field unit, area, single output etc.) is displayed on the graphic window (this allows more frequent update of the information when it is on-screen).

Customize the frequency of data updates to match your requirements.

Switch language on-line supported, including help files.  One user may be more comfortable using English, the next person may prefer Spanish—simple to switch, no reloading software.

Adapts to each user's needs.

Using the Windows “Print Manager”, all printers that are Windows compatible may be used with the ICC system.

Your system stays current with technology-- just load the new printer driver into Windows!

Every table allows a report to be printed.

You don't use "print screen"; instead, you generate a report that can be printed.  Making hard copy of your data entries is convenient and provides a good backup.

You can build the system definitions either from “scratch” at the keyboard of the computer or you can use the Upload Wizard to pull the data in from field units that have already been programmed.

Converting older MIR5000C systems is easy using the wizard, just upload the data out of the field units.  Saves time.  Adding a new field unit?  You can program it in the field and upload, or create the programs and definitions in the central and download--your choice.

Graphic maps may either be "fixed" or "user" created.  

Start with the fixed mode, where each field unit's main lines and valves are displayed schematically and develop your own "user" maps as time allows.  You can switch back and forth while online with the software.  

When creating your own maps, you have the ability to:

Powerful "user" graphic tools help you easily customize the ICC software to your unique system design.

? Create screens, import graphic files (bitmap, jpeg, etc.),

?  place navigation buttons on a screen (zoom to another screen function),

? place inputs or outputs on top of the map (show the valves and sensors, all or selected ones),

Central Software

? place icons representing Areas and Field Units on top of the map

? create and edit label fields on top of the map

ICC supports the MIR5000f-AC field units (first released in 1985), the IRRInet field units, and the upcoming new generation field unit, IRRInet-XL.

Backward compatibility ensures you get the most from the investment you made in Motorola field units.

Closed loop conditions are supported by ICC.

Powerful IF-THEN conditions provide automated control of your system in easy to understand format.

New, an astronomical clock is added to the central "closed loop conditions" that supports conditions based on sunrise/sunset.  

For example, you can set up a condition that turns the lights on 30 minutes before sunset, and off 30 minutes after sunrise.  The system has knowledge of your location's latitude and longitude, which allows it to calculate the sunrise/sunset time every day.

Event messages may be customized by the user and new events defined that relate to the system.

Events form the foundation of a reporting system that is used to notify you of system failures alarms and other situations that you may define as critical and "need to know".  Express the information in your own words so it makes the most sense.  Information knowledge is your edge in water management!

Message paging is supported, sending alphanumeric messages to your pager.  (This will be added to the system as an option after the first release.)

Messages are automatically generated from the Events list or you may send a user-written message to any user carrying an alphanumeric pager.  You can leave the office but not leave behind current knowledge of how your system is running.

Hand held remote control will operate via the telephone modem in the personal computer.  You will use any device that allows you “call” the central (PCS, iDEN or analog cellular handset, interconnect on your two-way portable radio, pay telephone, whatever).  Voice prompting from the central computer will lead you through the operation, including a security password. (This will be added to the system as an option after the first release.)

Take control of your system with you in the field.  This feature will also be backward compatible to the "Bramco" decoder feature originally developed for the MIR5000C central.

Flow Prediction may be used to analyze the demand on the hydraulic design.

Analysis of the hydraulic demand can help you better balance the programs, smooth out the flow curve, and improve energy efficiencies when using pumps.

Enhanced graph plotting utilities are included in ICC.

Consistent with the idea of clear and concise graphic presentation of system information, ICC has a very powerful graph generation "engine".  You may perform calculations on up to three inputs to derive a single graph plot (e.g., sum 3 different water meters to draw a single flow curve over time).  You may also choose to overlay multiple data sources onto the same graph plot (e.g., overlay flow and pressure on the same plot).

Central Software

Network Protection is provided in ICC.

Water distribution networks may be defined to allow comparison of flow rates coming from "IN" meters and "OUT" meters.  Theoretically, if the sum of the "IN" meters' flows is greater than the sum of all "OUT" meters' flows there is a leak somewhere in the system.  Network Protection allows you to define at what point an alarm is generated and may further be linked to a shut down of the entire system.  This protects against catastrophic failures in the distribution pipelines.

Sensor Measurements may be taken by ICC.

Interface any transducer to the field unit, converting the transducer output to a pulse rate input.  The ICC software provides either a linear or non-linear conversion of the raw pulse rate input to user-defined engineering units (e.g., if you are measuring pressure the ICC displays "PSI" or "atmosphere" (metric) units and the actual numeric value matches the gauge reading in the field).

ICC provides comprehensive Irrigation Programming screens, including simultaneous display of time to run, quantity to run and irrigation depth (inches or millimeters of water to apply).

Managing your water in time, quantity or depth of irrigation is available--change one parameter and the other two recalculate to show the effects of your changes.

Define multiple crop types in ICC and adjust water factor percentage to each type.

This reaches across field unit boundaries, attaching to the main line of any field unit.  Use this to prioritize different main lines according to your needs.  High priority may receive more water than Low priority areas.  Tag each main line ahead of time with the "High" or "Low" type, then modify the water factor adjustment through the season by simply changing two factors.  The changes are broadcast to the field units and they respond according to the previously defined type tagged to each mainline.

Offline programming for field units provides a backup of the data in the field.

You can create multiple variations of programs for each field unit at the PC and download any one on demand or through the Closed Loop Condition table (IF date=4-July THEN send program #1 to unit#1).

Motorola Authorized Sales and Technical Support for The Irrigation Central Control Systems.

Rainbird Factory Certified Maxicom Central control irrigation Technical Support and Operator.

CIS Irrigation, Inc.


System Features & Benefits